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《制度经济学研究》第二十辑题目、编辑、摘要、关键词
金沙电子游戏:2008年07月16日 00:00   编辑:leo   点击:[]

1、题目:交易成本不为零条件下的一般均衡分析

编辑:谢志平

摘要:交易成本固定项会破坏消费者名义偏好的连续性和凸性,从而使得消费者的理性选择变得十分复杂。本文发现了一种解析几何方法,该方法通过把非线性规划问题用动态规划的方法来处理可以把多维空间的消费者理性选择问题转换到二维平面中分析,从而大大简化了交易成本固定项引起的复杂性。在交易成本固定项也大于零的条件下,本文证明:1) 市场的供求函数在许多价格点是不连续的,但供求曲线是关于市场报价连续移动的,且在不连续的地方,交易者是否交易无差异;2) 市场均衡价格总是存在的,但在均衡价格下,市场彻底出清的条件是:要么协商交易成本为零,要么在特殊条件下采用计划手段。

关键词:一般均衡 交易成本 偏好的凸性 偏好的连续性 供求函数的连续性

中图分类号:F063.1 文献标识码:A

2、题目:奈特不确定性的经济分析――及其对集体决策效率的一种说明

编辑:吉云

摘要:不确定性决策的本质在于决策者不知道其决策所需的客观概率分布,他的决策依据是主观确定的。经典EUT把这类现实中普遍存在的决策问题排除在分析之外。本文根据来源将其分为本质上的不确定性和无知的不确定性,后者根源于信息不足,具有研究的必要性。文中采用“叠加”概率分布方法来捕捉决策者面临的这一情景,该框架中的个体并不知道其决策所需概率分布的具体信息。应用这一方法研究集体决策的效率问题可以发现,不确定性情况下集体决策的确比个体决策更有效率,原因在于前者充分利用了分散在独立个体的非共享信息。

关键词:不确定性 叠加概率分布 集体决策效率

中图分类号:F202 文献标识码:A

3、题目:科斯定理、个体理性与经济效率:对科斯定理的一个重述

编辑:莫志宏

摘要:科斯定理并没有对新古典微观经济学的基本结构产生影响,这非偶然。标准版本的科斯定理使人们很容易将注意力放在“不同的产权安排会导致相同的效率结果”这个点上而更多地成为法学界关注的对象。为了将科斯定理与经济学的联系更好地凸显出来,有必要从传统的理性人-效率的视角出发对其加以重述。经重述后的科斯定理不仅恢复了个体理性在经济学中的核心地位,而且,通过引入交易成本这个现实维度,将个体理性从新古典微观经济学中理想化的世界中解放了出来,成为了具有现实意义和分析价值的概念。

关键词: 科斯定理;个体理性;效率;重述

中图分类号:F063.1 文献标识码:A

4、题目:语言规划的经济学分析

编辑:薄守生

:本文主要包括语言规划的成本收益分析、语言与区域经济发展的相关性分析和语言、语言资源与语言环境研究三部分内容,通过这三部分内容基本上可以构建出语言经济学研究的完整框架。在对语言规划的成本收益分析做了详实的研究之后,指出以后的此类研究将很难取得突破性进展。人口迁移对语言变异有一定的影响,语言的统一程度与区域经济发展具有一定的相关性,语言“大同小异”的发展趋势可以作为社会语言学的一个宏观结论。以往对语言资源与语言环境的先容,大多数是零散的、含混的、不成体系的,其主要原因是把语言资源、语言环境孤立于语言经济、语言人口之外,研究定位不准。全文采用定性与定量相结合的方法,注重实际问题的解决,也不放弃对理论的探索。

关键词:语言规划 成本收益 区域相关 语言资源与语言环境

中图分类号:F063.1 文献标识码:A

5、题目:制度租、土地增值收益与政府行为

编辑:张换兆 郝寿义**

:土地征用过程中形成的土地增值收益不仅仅是两个市场割裂形成的经济租金,更是由于城乡二元的土地制度造成的制度租。引入城市化和土地集约利用,构建基于城乡二元土地制度的土地增值收益形成模型,确定土地增值收益的范围,分析政府在土地征用过程中应该承担福利人的角色而非经济人的角色,充分补偿农民的失地收益,并实现农民转为城市居民后的可持续发展,保障城市经济的可持续发展。从现阶段经济发展的形势和城市化内涵的转变对分配比例 的确定及其影响因素进行分析,提出充分提高农地增值收益的分配比例,实现城市化从外延式向内涵式的转变。

关键词:制度租 土地增值收益 政府行为

中图分类号:F301 文献识别码:A

6、题目:股权结构、控制权争夺与企业治理

编辑:王丽 陈柳钦 曾庆久

摘 要】本文从控制权的角度考察股权结构与企业治理的关系。大家通过建立模型分析了控制权争夺的企业治理机制、控制权争夺同股权结构的关系,并以中国上市企业为样本检验了上市企业股权结构同企业治理效果之间的关系。结论认为:在大股东控制的企业中,控制权争夺能够有效地约束其私利行为,改善企业业绩和保护中小投资者的利益;在股权高度集中的企业中,股权结构较为稳定,而在股权制衡的企业中,更容易发生控制权的争夺和控制股股东的更替。因此,股权制衡有利于改善企业治理效果,实证检验也很好地证明了这些结论。

关键词】股权结构;企业治理;控制权争夺;股权制衡

中图分类号:F27 文献标识码:A

7、题目:QFII对中国股市波动影响的研究

编辑:彭涛

【摘 要】从2002年11月5日,中国证监会和中国人民银行联合颁布《合格境外机构投资者证券管理暂行办法》,到现在,QFII制度在我国实行已经有五年多时间,这些合格境外投资者也随着时间的推移正在逐步地深入到我国股票市场,那么QFII对我国股票市场究竟带来了怎样的影响? 本文拟从股票市场整体价格波动的角度入手,根据标志QFII逐步进入我国证券市场的典型事件,利用GARCH类模型及事件分析法,试图刻画关于QFII各事件发生前后我国股票市场价格波动的变化,以揭示QFII制度给我国股票市场的波动所带来的影响。

关键词】QFII;股票市场波动;GARCH类模型;事件分析法;羊群效应

中图分类号:F833.5 文献标识码:A

8、题目:中国人民银行独立性评估:伦格尼-塞茨(Loungani-Sheets)方法的运用

编辑:杨建莹

】本文选取了伦格尼和塞茨(Loungani and Sheets)的中央银行独立性评估方法,根据《中国人民银行法》(1995年和2003年),并结合中国人民银行实际操作,对中国人民银行独立性进行了评估。根据伦格尼和塞茨(Loungani and Sheets, 1997)的评估方法,得出中国人民银行的评估结果与其他转轨国家相比,显示尽管1995年以来中国人民银行的独立性有所提升,但仍处于较低水平,尤其是中国人民银行的政治独立性很低。

关键词】中央银行独立性 评估 伦格尼-塞茨(Loungani-Sheets)方法

中图分类号:F830.31 文献标识码:A

9、题目:试论企业法的效率价值标准

编辑:李振宇

【摘 要】随着国际竞争的加剧,人们对规范企业的法律制度提出越来越高的效率要求,对《企业法》效率问题的研究成为一种迫切的现实需要。理论上,法律的效率标准尚无定论,但企业法规则作为有效率的企业实践的一个总结,其效率标准为法经济学家所呼吁。实践中,许多国家接受了效率的标准,并通过企业法的修订来适应其效率要求。相比之下,我国《企业法》的效率标准有待提高,大家建议《企业法》确立效率的价值标准,在企业法的修订频率、实施机制以及具体规则的激励方面进行改进,以适应其效率要求。

关键词】企业法 效率 价值标准

中图分类号:F063.1 文献标识码:A

10、题目:非正式制度与产业集群发展研究综述

编辑:李胜兰

】目前,国内外学者关于非正式制度与产业集群发展的研究成果颇丰。本文将对这些研究文献作一个简单的综述,主要阐述国内外学者对非正式制度在促进产业集群发展中所发挥的积极作用和消极作用的研究成果和主要观点,并在文献综述的基础上,评述目前的研究成果的局限性,提出了今后研究的新思路与新空间。

关键词】非正式制度 产业集群 合作关系

中图分类号:F 270 文献标识码:A

11、题目:学问是否影响经济结果?

编辑:刘吉?圭索 鲍拉?萨皮安泽 刘吉?辛格勒

译者:张清津译

摘 要】经济学家们一直不愿将学问列为经济现象的决定因素。学问的概念是如此宽泛,以及它进入经济论著的途径是如此含混不清,以至于要设计一个可验证的假说是很困难的。本文证明情况正是如此。大家采用了狭义的学问定义,从而可以采用一个简单的研究方法并以此来检验基于学问的说明。大家还提出了该研究方法的几种适用情况:从成为企业家的选择到储蓄量的选择,再到收入分配的政治决策。

【关键词】学问 基于学问 经济结果

中文分类号:F069.9 文献标识码:A

12、题目:澳门皇冠金沙网站官方网站“海右”博士生学术论坛会议综述

编辑:孙圣民 李茂文*

1.Title: An Analysis of General Equilibrium With Positive Transaction Cost

Author(s): Zhiping Xie

Abstract: The fixed term of transaction cost will ruin the continuity and convexity of consumers’ nominal preference so that the rational choice of consumers will become extremely complicated. I have found an analytically geometric approach, by which the multiply-dimension choice problem of rational consumers can be tackled with two-dimension diagram, so the analysis of the fixed term of transaction cost will be simplified. Then, in the case that the fixed term of transaction cost is positive, this paper proves that: 1) The market supply and demand functions will be discontinuous at many price points, but the move of supply and demand curves will be continuous with respect to price, and at those price points incurring discontinuity, the corresponding traders’ utility or profit will be indifferent between making a trade and doing nothing. 2) There must exist a market equilibrium price, at which, however, one of the necessary conditions for the market absolutely and soundly clearing must be either that the cost of negotiation and arrangement among related traders is zero or to adopt some planning way to deal with the special situation.

Keywords: general equilibrium, transaction cost, convexity of preference, continuity of preference, continuity of supply and demand functions

JEL Classifications:D500 D510

2. Title: The Economic Analysis of Knight’s Uncertainty: An Explanation for the Efficiency of Group Decision-Making

Author(s):Yun Ji

Abstract:The essence of uncertainty is that the agent does not know the relevant objective probability distribution. He must create a “subjective” one to support his decision. Classical EUT does not cover such prevalent problem in real world. This article classifies the uncertainty as essential one and uninformative one in term of its origin. The latter results from incomplete information and need more attention from economics. We use a method of “overlapping” probability distribution to catch such uncertainty. Under this framework, agent has not all concrete information about relevant distributions. We study the problem of the efficiency of group decision-making by such method and found that group decision under uncertainty was more efficient than individual decision because the former fully used the unshared information distributing to every independent ones.

Key Words:Uncertainty, Overlapping Probability Distribution, Efficiency of Group Decision-Making

JEL Classification: D700 D800 D810

3. Title: Coase Theorem, Individual Rationality and Economic Efficiency: A Restatement of the Coase Theorem

Author(s): Zhihong Mo

Abstract: It is not accidental that Coase Theorem did not bring about a complete change to the basic structure of neoclassical microeconomics. The standard version of Coase Theorem makes one easily focus on the “invariant proposition”, namely, different property rights arrangement would not lead to different efficiency result, thus intriguing largely lawyers rather than economists. It is necessary to restate the Coase Theorem from the traditional rationality-efficiency perspective, if one wishes to highlight its bearing on economics. By way of our restatement, not only is the core status of individual rationality recovered in economics, moreover, because of the introduction of the transaction costs dimension, the individual rationality is emancipated from the ideal world of neoclassical microeconomics, and becomes a reality-relevant and analytically useful concept.

Key Words:Coase Theorem Individual Rationality Economic Efficiency Restatement

JEL Classifications: B250

4. Title: Economic Analysis on Language Planning

Author(s): Shousheng Bo

Abstract: The full text covers three sections: economic analysis on language planning, correlations between language and regional economies, language resources and linguistic environment, and all of them can construct a whole framework for the economics of language mainly. We give a full and accurate cost-benefit analysis on language planning, and then we point out that it will be hard to make any more breakthrough in this field. The population movement has some influences on the language, and there are correlations between the languages and the regional economies, and we can say that is a macroscopical trend in sociolinguistics. The introductions about language resources and linguistic environment in the past are scattered, unclear and immethodical, and we think that the primary cause may be the insulation of language resources, linguistic environment, economics of language and linguistic demography, and that it lost the studying location. The full text multipurpose uses the qualitative method and quantitative method. We try to solve the practical problems, and we also keep at exploring the theory.

Key words: Language Planning cost-benefit analysis regional correlations language resources and linguistic environment

JEL Classifications:I280 I380 Z110 A120

5. Title: Institution Rent, Land Added-Value and Government’s Behaviors

Author(s): Huanzhao Zhang Shouyi Hao

Abstract: The article discusses land value-added in land expropriation, shows that it is not just the economic rent from the two fragmented land market, but also institution rent due to the dual urban-rural land institution. To this end, it constructs the land value-added receipts formation model based on the dual urban-rural land institution and introduces two variables of urbanization and land intensive use to the scope of the land value-added benefits. On this basis, the government should play the role of welfare rather than the economic role in the process of land expropriation to concentrate the landless farmers fully to realize the sustainable development of those people who transfer from landless farmer to citizens while ensuring the sustainable development of urban economy but not increase the cost of urbanization too much. At the same time, we discuss the value of and its influencing factor from current economy development and the transform of the connotation of urbanization from extensive to intensive.

Key words:Institution rent Land value-added Government’s behaviors

JEL Classifications:C210 D210 O180 Q240

6.Title: Ownership Structure, Control Rights Contest and Corporate Governance

Author(s): Li Wang Liuqin Chen Zeng Qing-jiu

Abstract:This paper investigates the relationship between ownership and corporate governance from a new perspective of control rights. We build models to analyze the governance mechanics of control rights contest and the relationship between control rights contest and ownership structure, and also examine these theoretical results with empirical analysis on China lists. Our conclusion suggest that control rights contest can effectively constrain private benefits of control rights in companies controlled by block shareholder and protect minority shareholder, and that the ownership structure will be stable in firms of concentration equity but the contest of corporate control tend to be emerge easily in firms of share control. So share control will help to improve corporate governance and our empirical analysis also testifies these conclusions.

Key words: Ownership Structure, Corporate Governance, Control Rights Contest, Share Control

JEL Classifications: M140

7. Title: The Effect of QFII On Stock Market Volatility

Author(s):Tao Peng

AbstractFrom September 5th, 2002, when China’s Security Regulatory Commission (SRC) and The People’s Bank of China together decreed “Provisional Measures on Administration of Securities Investments of Qualified Foreign Institutional Investors (QFII)”, to the present, the institution of QFII has been carried out for more than four years in our country; these qualified foreign institutional investors have been gradually gone deep into China’s stock market as well, so, what influence have QFII brought in on China’s stock market?In order to study the influence of the investing behaviors of QFII on China’s stock market, this article will begin from the price volatility of the entire stock market, uses rate of return from Shanghai Security Exchange and Shenzhen Security Exchange as price index of stock market. Using the events-study method and constructing GARCH model to capture the changes of China’s stock market before and after various events of QFII happened.

Key Words:QFII; stock market volatility; GARCH model; event study methodology; herding behavior

JEL Classifications:G140 G150

8. Title: Central Bank Independence Index of People’s Bank of China: Employing Loungani & Sheets-LS Method

Author(s):Jianying Yang

Abstract: This paper employs Loungani & Sheets-LS method to measure Central Bank Independence Index of People’s Bank of China, based the Law of People’s Bank of China(1995,2003) and actual operation, and compare the result with other transition countries. The paper suggests that independece index of People’s Bank of China is rising from 1995, but it is still very low, especially political independence.

Key Words: Central Bank Independence, Index, Loungani-Sheets method

JEL Classifications:E580

9. Title: The Review ofthe Value Standard of Efficiency in Company Law

Author(s):Zhenyu li

Abstract: As the international competition more hotly, people have the higher efficiency request ion for the criterion of the law in company. It is an exigent need to research the value of company law. Theoretically, the value of law has not arrived at an agreement. But, the ruler of company law is a summarization of the effective practice, the law-economists notice the value of it. In practice, many countries not only accept the value but also adapt the variety through revising the company law. Comparing with them, the value standard of us should be advanced .we should establish the value standard of efficiency in our company law to adapt the request of efficiency. We should advance in revise frequency, enforcement mechanism and so on.

Keywords:company law, efficiency, value standard

JEL Classifications: K220

10. Title: Survey on Effects of Informal Institution on Industry Cluster Development

Author(s):Shenglan Li

Abstract:At present, there are abundant research of informal institution and industry cluster in national and foreign research field. This paper will be briefly summarized these research literature, it mostly expatiate scholars’ viewpoint on positive and negative effect of informal institution in accelerating industry cluster development. On the base of literature review, this paper analysis the limit of present research, and bring forward new research path and development direction of future research.

Key words:informal institution; industry cluster; cooperate relationship

JEL Classifications: L220

11. Title: Does Culture Affect Economic Outcomes?

Author(s):Luigi Guiso Paola Sapienza Luigi Zingales

Translator(s):Qingjin Zhang

AbstractEconomists have been reluctant to rely on culture as a possible determinant of economic phenomena. The notion of culture is so broad and the channels through which it can enter the economic discourse so vague that it is difficult to design testable hypotheses. In this paper we show this does need to be the case. We introduce a narrower definition of culture that allows for a simple methodology to develop and test cultural-based explanations. We also present several applications of this methodology: from the choice to become entrepreneur to that of how much to save, to end with the political decision on income redistribution.

Key Words:culture, culture-based, economic outcomes

JEL ClassificationsA100 J100 Z100

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